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Форум uaDNA | uaDNA Forum • View topic - Мітохондріальна ДНК | Mitochondrial DNA

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Питання українського ДНК-родоводу | Matters of the Ukrainian DNA-genealogy
It is currently 03 Aug 2020, 23:18

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PostPosted: 19 Sep 2014, 02:27 
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Адмін сайту | Site Admin
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Мітохондріальна ДНК
— кільцева молекула ДНК, локалізована в мітохондріях, цитоплазматичних органелах більшості клітин еукаріотів, що мають вигляд ниткоподібних або гранулярних утворень. (Вікіпедія)

What is the Direct Maternal Lineage?

Your direct maternal lineage is the line that follows your mother's maternal ancestry. With the exception of yourself if you are male, this line consists entirely of women. It traces your mother, her mother, her mother's mother, and so forth back to our shared common maternal ancestor. For genealogists, this clear line means that they can trace two or more descendants of a single woman many generations back and compare their mtDNA results with the expectation of a match. For those interested in deeper ancestry, tracing the modern geographic origins of exact matches means that they can discover the origins of their own line.

Note that because mtDNA follows exclusively the direct maternal line, common ancestors between you and your matches on other parts of your pedigree are coincidental.

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PostPosted: 19 Sep 2014, 02:39 
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Мапа мтДНК-міграцій людства | Human mtDNA Migrations Map


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PostPosted: 16 Oct 2014, 18:28 
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У Південній Африці знайдено скелет мужчини, котрий помер 315 B.C. і є найближчим генетичним родичем спільного жіночого предка людства - мітохондріальної Єви, що жила між 100 і 200 тис. років тому в Південній Африці. Він належав до найдавнішого, відомого сьогодні, відгалуження материнської генетичної лінії, що виникло біля 150 тис. років тому.

Мітохондріальна Єва не була першою людиною, але всі інші жіночі лінії не мали зрештою доньок, щоб передати свою мітохондріальну ДНК. Тому всі сучасні люди можуть відстежити свою мітохондріальну ДНК назад до мітохондріальної Єви.



Оригінальна наукова стаття, що повідомляє про знахідку:

First Ancient Mitochondrial Human Genome from Prepastorial Southern African
Alan G. Morris, Anja Heinze, Eva K. F. Chan, Andrew B. Smith, and Vanessa M. Hayes
Genome Biol. Evol. 6(10):2647-2653

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PostPosted: 22 May 2015, 04:29 
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PhyloTree.org - mtDNA tree Build 17 (18 Feb 2016)


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